Design and Build
High-Performance
Human Powered Vehicles

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About Us

The Human-Powered Vehicles Design Team (HPVDT) is a student organization at the University of Toronto that is focused on the design and construction of innovative, high-performance, human-powered vehicles. Our goal is to provide students with practical, hands-on experience in engineering design while promoting efficiency, sustainability and the use of human power as a means of reducing society's impact on the environment.

Our current focus: Designing a high-speed aerodynamic bicycle, capable of reaching speeds well in excess of 100 km/hr, while still having the utility necessary for carrying groceries and travelling safely within the city. The bike will compete in the annual American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Human-Powered Vehicle Challenge, a race specifically focused on the utilitarian aspects of the bike. As well, we will compete in the World Human-Powered Speed Challenge, where streamlined bicycles head to set speed records on a 5 mile stretch of road near Battle Mountain, Nevada.

Experience: As a member of the team, you will learn how to work with composites, such as carbon fibre, and other advanced materials. You will also be a part of the design process of the aerodynamic, mechanical, structural and electrical components of the bicycle. You will gain hands-on experience with building streamlined vehicles, as well as how to disassemble and reassemble bicycle components. Committed members will also have an opportunity to become design leads or team executives, which provides leadership and management experience. The team is also often invited to attend various events and conferences where team members can showcase their work and network with professionals in related fields.



  • Design


  • Build


  • Race


  • Design


  • Build


  • Race



  • Design


  • Build


  • Race


Current Projects

Titan

Titan

Our most advanced speedbike, TITAN employs all of the lessons learned in previous projects. This design pushes the bounds of speedbike engineering, and is driving the sport as a whole in an exciting new direction. At the 2019 WHPSC, Calvin and Evan piloted Titan to a new world tandem speed record of 120.20 kph (74.69 mph).

Project Director: Calvin Moes
Competitions: WHPSC 2019 (1st Men's Multi Rider: New World Record)
Start: Fall 2018
Completion: Fall 2019
Top Speed: 120.20 km/h at WHPSC 2019 (Multi-Rider WR)
Structure: Carbon sandwich panel shell, hollow carbon internal frame, carbon disc wheels, largely custom drivetrain

Axios

Axios

We've nearly finished our first human-powered submarine. Designed to be fast, maneuverable, and generally awesome, Axios will be a completely new take on human-powered watercraft. We expect to begin testing the vehicle winter 2019.

Project Director: Calvin Moes
Start: Summer 2014
Dimensions (L×W×H): 275 cm × 52 cm × 65 cm
Mass: 460 kg (ready to dive)
Top Speed:4.4 m/s (estimated)
Designed Depth: 30 m
Structure: Fiberglass pressure hull, polyurethane viewport, steel drivetrain
Features: Closed-circuit rebreather system, advanced safety systems, optimized propeller geometry

Past Projects

Coming soon

BLUESHIFT

Blueshift is a fully faired super-recumbent delta camera tricycle with three wheels on a short wheel base. This design has ideal characteristics for our project goals. The delta wheel placement and short wheelbase allows us to accommodate a tight turning radius without increasing the frontal area of the fairing. The flat rider position produces a low center of mass which provides good lateral stability under both cornering accelerations and high speed crosswinds. The drivetrain and shifting range provides us with a wide range of 90 RPM speeds from 26 km/h to 118 km/h.

Project Director: Bill Kong
Start: Fall 2019

Zephyr

Zephyr

A new take on the most common human powered vehicle in the world: the upright bicycle. Zephyr uses partial aerodynamic fairings fore and aft of the rider's body to provide a 22% drag reduction relative to a standard aerobar position. This vehicle dominated all the races at ASME HPVC North 2019, lapping the second place vehicle seven times during the endurance race. To demonstrate real world usability, the vehicle completed a 350 km 3 day tour from Toronto to Kingston during summer 2019.

Project Director: Bill Kong
Competitions: ASME North 2019 (1st Endurance, 1st Men's Speed, 1st Women's Speed, 4th Design, 2nd Overall)
Start: Fall 2018
Completion: Spring 2019
Dimensions (L×W×H): 217 cm × 48 cm × 133 cm
Mass: 11.5 kg (with fairings), 9.5 kg (bike only)
Top Speed: ~60 km/h at ASME 2019
Structure: Prepreg carbon monocoque main frame with carbon wrapped foam core stays, and aluminum dropouts and head tube
Features: Partial front and rear aerodynamic fairings, wide range of ergonomic adjustability, deep section front wheel, integrated power meter, standard component compatibility

Eta_Prime

Eta Prime

Designed as an upgraded version of Aerovelo’s Eta speedbike, Eta Prime takes advantage of an extensively optimized frame and shell structure to achieve significant mass savings while improving stiffness. This vehicle piloted by Calvin Moes won the 2017 World Human Powered Speed Challenge men's and collegiate men's competitions with a speed of 127.60 kph (79.30 mph). The same vehicle and rider competed again the following year and improved their top speed to 130.08 kph (80.83 mph), becoming the team's first vehicle to exceed the 80 mph mark.

Project Director: Calvin Moes
Competitions: 1st WHPSC 2017, 2nd WHPSC 2018
Start: Summer 2015
Completion: Summer 2017
Dimensions (L×W×H): 270 cm × 45 cm × 85 cm
Mass: 22 kg (empty)
Top Speed: 130.08 km/h at WHPSC 2018
Structure: Carbon sandwich panel shell, hollow carbon internal frame, carbon disc wheels, largely custom drivetrain
Features: Fully-redundant high-definition camera vision system, two-stage transmission (6 speed), 650c wheels, ±3.5 degrees steering range

Arbiter

Arbiter

Inspired by Celero, Arbiter was developed with the practical high-speed commuter in mind. Its three-wheeled configuration was stable at low speeds and highly maneuverable when slaloming down obstacle courses at high speed. Arbiter was the first vehicle we’ve completed on time before driving out to compete at the annual ASME HPVC competitions. Arbiter finished with 2nd in Design and Innovation categories at ASME HPVC East 2018 and was also featured on Daily Planet!

Project Director: Bruce Hu
Competitions: ASME East 2018 (2nd Design, 2nd Innovation, 4th Endurance, 8th Overall)
Start: Fall 2017
Completion: Spring 2018
Dimensions (L×W×H): 284 cm × 114 cm × 102 cm
Mass: ~25 kg (empty)
Top Speed: ~50 km/h at Northbrook 2018
Structure: Carbon-Kevlar monocoque shell, Detachable front steering assembly
Features: Fully Suspended System, Adjustable seat and BB position, Rollover Detection system, Android App integration

Tempest

Tempest

Similar to Cyclone, Tempest is based on the Vortex design. With a refined landing gear system, transmission structure, and ultra low-drag tires, Tempest was meant to sustain high speeds for a long commute. Tempest placed 5th in the 2017 HPVC Innovation category, but was hampered by mechanical problems in other events.

Project Director: Evan Bennewies, Alan Petit
Competitions: ASME East 2017 (5th Innovation)
Start: Fall 2016
Completion: Summer 2017
Dimensions (L×W×H): 242 cm × 55 cm × 107 cm
Structure: Carbon fibre monocoque shell, carbon transmission frame
Features: Linkage-based landing gear, high-efficiency tires, quick-release transmission structure, lightweight durable shell

Cyclone

Cyclone

Cyclone was our entry for the 2016 ASME Human Powered Vehicle Challenge. It has the same aerodynamic shape as Vortex, but its interiors are drastically different. The intent of this vehicle was to be a consolidation of the knowledge and experience that the team has built up from the past 6 years. Cyclone placed third in design at ASME but faced mechanical issues preventing participation in races.

Project Director: Calvin Moes, Sherry Shi
Competitions: ASME East 2018 (3rd Design, 6th Innovation)
Start: Fall 2015
Completion: Summer 2017
Dimensions (L×W×H): 238 cm × 58 cm × 106 cm
Structure: Carbon fibre monocoque shell, carbon transmission frame
Features: Linkage-based landing gear, lightweight durable shell

Viteza

Viteza

Simplicity was the objective with Viteza. Using a minimalist lowracer recumbent configuration, HPVDT created an extremely light yet fully-functional two-wheeled racing bike. With an optional rear fairing, Viteza was our first bike not to have at least a partial monocoque shell. Viteza placed fifth overall at the 2015 ASME HPVC.

Dimensions (L×W×H): 248 cm × 56 cm × 77 cm
Top speed: 63.7 km/h
Structure: Carbon fibre frame and roll bar
Features: Carbon leaf spring front suspension, stiffness-optimized frame

Valkyrie

Valkyrie

Based on the aerodynamic design of Vortex, Valkyrie was an attempt at a fast but versatile streamlined vehicle. Using a leaning-tricycle configuration, the intent was to maintain stability at low speeds while having bicycle-like high-speed handling. Valkyrie placed seventh overall at the 2014 ASME HPVC.

Dimensions (L×W×H): 239 cm × 58 cm × 106 cm
Top Speed: 72.5 km/h
Structure: Carbon fibre monocoque shell, carbon transmission frame
Features: Linkage-based leaning system, ultra-light composite disc wheels, expanded storage capacity

Celero

Celero

As the first ASME HPVC-specific vehicle we've built, Celero was designed from the start for ease of use and versatility. With three wheels, it's stable at all speeds; only one rider has managed to crash Celero, and only under very adverse conditions.

Dimensions (L×W×H): 262 cm × 88 cm × 85 cm
Top Speed: 68.4 km/h
Structure: Carbon fibre monocoque shell, carbon transmission frame
Features: Intuitive linkage-based steering, integrated running and signal lights, differential braking

Bluenose

Bluenose

Bluenose is one of our fastest speedbikes yet. Since placing fourth overall at ASME HPVC 2012, Bluenose has been entered in WHPSC during 2012, 2013, and 2015. Bluenose has set the collegiate speed record several times.

Dimensions (L×W×H): 247 cm × 55 cm × 88 cm (excluding fin)
Top Speed: 123.8 km/h
Structure: Carbon fibre monocoque shell, carbon transmission frame
Features: Fault-tolerant camera vision system, high-efficiency tires, damage-resistant outer shell

Vortex

Vortex

Our second vehicle achieved an excellent balance of speed and stability. Vortex won first place overall at the 2011 ASME competition, and broke Ace's collegiate land speed record at WHPSC 2012. Vortex remains a team favorite, and has been raced in multiple amateur events since 2011.

Dimensions (L×W×H): 239 cm ×50 cm × 105 cm
Top Speed: 116.9 km/h
Structure: Carbon fibre monocoque shell, carbon transmission frame
Features: Streamlined wheel openings, dual-stage front wheel drive, retractable landing gear

Ace

Ace

Our first-ever speedbike, Ace was built for the 2010 ASME Human-Powered Vehicle Challenge and the 2010 World Human-Powered Speed Challenge. It performed well in both, and set a new collegiate-level land speed record.

Dimensions (L×W×H): 281 cm × 55 cm × 107 cm
Top Speed: 108 km/h
Structure: Carbon/Kevlar shell, internal aluminum frame
Features: NACA duct ventilation, single-stage front wheel drive

Snowbird

Snowbird

The Human Powered Ornithopter Project derived from the work of the UTIAS flapping wing research program. Snowbird was designed and built by the Human Powered Ornithopter (HPO) team to realize the timeless dream of allowing a man to fly like a bird. In summer 2010, Todd Reichert piloted it to became the first human powered ornithopter in the world to achieve sustained and controlled flight. After the project the HPO team was restructured as HPVDT to pursue other forms of human powered transport.

Wingspan : 32 m
Mass (empty) : 43 kg
Flight Distance: 145 m
Average Speed : 25.6 km/h
Structure: Carbon fiber, Balsa, Basswood, Styrofoam, Mylar Skin, Vectran
Features: Rowing Drive

2020 Team Leadership

Calvin
Calvin Moes

Captain, Watercraft Director
PhD Candidate, Department of Materials Science and Engineering

Calvin joined HPVDT in 2011 while working on his undergraduate degree in nanoengineering. He's since progressed to graduate studies in the University's department of Materials Science and Engineering. Calvin is skilled in multiple disciplines—including mechanical engineering, structural design, electronics, and aerodynamics. At present, he's also one of HPVDT's leading male riders, and is currently ranked as 8th fastest cyclist in history.
When not designing record-breaking vehicles, teaching new team members, researching for his thesis, or training physically, Calvin pursues a variety of hobbies. He's long been the Engineering Faculty's only tuba player, and performs with several student ensembles. He also enjoys action movies, sci-fi novels, hiking, and good food.

Joshua
Joshua Madero

Captain
Mechanical Engineering 2T0 + PEY

Josh decided to study mechanical engineering because he loves engineering design and 3D-modelling. He joined the team in 2016 because of the great opportunity it provides to design and build in a creative environment with many capable engineers willing to help each other. Josh is also skilled in programming, electronics, and computer simulation.
Among other things, Josh is interested in powerlifting, finance, and entrepreneurship. He was part of Iron Dragons in 2018-2019.

Luke
Luke Patterson

Operations and Sponsorship Advisor, ASME Report Lead
Mechanical Engineering 1T9 + PEY

Luke joined the team in 2016 as a way to learn and practice skills that are not taught in the classroom, such as manufacturing and advanced design. He has participated in various aspects of the design and manufacturing of Tempest, Arbiter and Zephyr. Some of his personal goals within the team are to become comfortable with all the areas of the full design and manufacturing process, and to pass on what he knows to the newer members of the teams. When he's not building or designing he's probably filming something to put on the team's YouTube channel. Outside of the team Luke is currently completing his PEY at an engineering consulting firm in Mississauga. In his free time he lives and breathes all forms of hockey and baseball, both as a player and a coach.

Savo
Savo Bajic

Electronics Lead
Mechanical Engineering 2T0 + PEY

Savo joined HPVDT in his frosh year in 2016, lured by the appeal of high performance and unconventional vehicles, and a desire to understand the almost alien methods that were used to create them. He hasn't looked back since, pivoting between projects trying to pick up as many skills as possible along the way to augment his studies in mechanical engineering before settling on electronics.
Outside of HPVDT Savo spends his time participating in various Skule™ community events, tinkering with electronics, and reading sci-fi novels.

Steven
Steven Lee

Operations Director
Mechanical Engineering 1T9 + PEY

Steven has been part of HPVDT since 2016, and assisted with the design and construction of speed bike projects. His goal for this year is to help transform undergraduates to competent members contributing to team projects.

Rishabh
Rishabh Garikiparithi

Sponsorship Director, ASME Frame Lead
Mechanical Engineering 2T2

Rishabh joined HPVDT in 2019 driven by his has a passion for cycling, and his aspirations to be at the forefront of innovation in sustainable transportation. For the ASME 2020 project, he designed the frame for the delta trike, verifying its safety with simulations. As sponsorship director, he is responsible for building the team’s network, managing renewals and negotiations, and maintaining relationships with sponsors so that the team has the resources they need to succeed and break records.
Outside the team, Rishabh enjoys cycling, woodworking, cooking, and making things with his hands. He believes that the human world can become more sustainable through better design, and he wants to be a part of the push towards sustainable technologies.

Calvin R
Calvin Rieder

Finance Director

Rena
Rena Nakajima

Outreach Director

Contact us

Joshua and Calvin, Team Captains
hpv@hpvdt.skule.ca
Calvin Rieder, Finance Director
finance@hpvdt.skule.ca
Rishabh Garikiparithi, Sponsorship Director
sponsorship@hpvdt.skule.ca
Jun Nogami, Professor, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty Advisor
jun.nogami@utoronto.ca

Location:

256 McCaul St. 5th Floor
Toronto, ON

Mailing Address:

Department of Materials Science & Engineering
Faculty of Applied Science & Engineering
University of Toronto
Wallberg Building, 184 College Street, Suite 140
Toronto, Ontario
M5S 3E4 Canada